Factories Act, 1948
Any premises whareon 10 or more persons with the aid of power or 20 or more workers are/were without aid of power working on any day preceding 12 rnonths, wherein Manufacturing process is being carried on. Sec.2(ii)
Registration & Renewal
Registration and Renewal of Factories to be granted by Chief Inspector of Factories on submission of prescribed form, fee and plan. Sec.6
Employment of Young Persons
- Prohibition of employment of young children e.g. 14 years.
- Non-adult workers to Carry tokens e.g. certificate of fitness.
- Working hours for children not more than 41/2 hrs. and not permitted to work during night shift. [Secs.67, 68 & 71]
Working Hours, Spread Over & Overtime of Adults
- Weekly hours, not more than 48.
- Daily hours not more than 9 hours.
- Rest for at least 1/2 hour on working for 5 hrs.
- Spreadover not more than 101/2 hours.
- Overlapping shifts prohibited.
- Extra Wages for overtime double than normal rate of wages.
- Restrictions on employment of women before 6 A.M. and beyond 7 P.M. [Secs. 51,54 to 56,59 & 60]
- By fencing of machinery
- By not allowing work on or near machinery in motion.
- By not employing young persons on dangerous machines,
- By striking gear and devices for cutting off power.
- By installing Self-acting machines,
- By casing of new machinery.
- By prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-openers.
- By providing Hoists and lifts. [Secs. 21 to 28]
Annual Leave with Wages
- An adult worker having worked for 240 days shall get one day for every 20 days and,
- a child for every 15 days. Accumulation of leave for 30 days. Sec. 79
Employer shall ensure for the health of workers:
- - Cleanliness
- - Disposal of wastes and effluents
- - Proper ventilation and temperature control
- - Dust and fume control
- - Overcrowding control
- - Artificial humidification
- - Lighting
- - Drinking water
- - Spittoons [Secs. 11 to 20]
Employer to provide:
- Washing facilities
- Facilities for storing and drying clothing.
- Facilities for sitting
- First-aid appliances - one first aid box not less than one for every 150 workers
- Canteens when there are 250 or more workers.
- Shelters, rest rooms and lunch rooms when there are 150 or more workers.
- Creches when there are 30 or more women workers.
- Welfare office when there are 500 or more workers. [Sec. 42 to 49]
Fine not less than Rs. 10,000 which may extend to Rs.20,000 or imprisonment not less than 3 months which may extend uplo one year for 1st offence, and upto two years for second and subsequent offences, if any employer:
Penal Provision [Secs 92 - 99]
- Imprisonment upto 2 year or fine upto Rs. 1,00,000 or both: for contravention of the provisions of the Act or Rules .Rs.1000 per day: On continuation of contravention
- On contravention of Chapter IV pertaining to safety or dangerous operations: Not less than Rs. 25,000 in case of death. Not less than Rs. 5,000 in case of serious injuries. Subsequent contravention of some provisions: Imprisonment upto 3 years or fine not less than Rs. 10,000 which may extend to Rs. 2,00,000.
- Imprisonment upto 6 months or fine upto Rs.10,000 or both: for Obstructing Inspectors
- Imprisonment upto 6 months or fine upto Rs. 10,000 or both: for Wrongful disclosing result pertaining to results of analysis
- For contravention of the provisions of Sec.41B, 41C and 41H pertaining to compulsory disclosure of information by occupier, specific responsibility of occupier or right of workers to work imminent danger: Imprisonment upto 7 years with fine upto Rs. 2,00,000 and on continuation fine @ Rs.5,000 per day. Imprisonment of 10 years when contravention continues for one year.